FPIES (Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome) is a type of food allergy that affects the gastrointestinal system. It typically affects infants and young children and is characterized by severe vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.
The exact cause of FPIES (Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome) is not fully understood, but there are several theories behind its etiology. Here are some examples:

1. Immune system response:

FPIES is thought to be caused by an abnormal immune system response to certain food proteins. Specifically, it is believed that the immune system in children with FPIES overreacts to certain food proteins, leading to inflammation and damage to the gastrointestinal tract.

2. Genetics:

There may be a genetic component to FPIES. Studies have shown that children with a family history of food allergies, eczema, or asthma may be at increased risk for developing FPIES.

3. Delayed immune response:

Unlike other food allergies, FPIES does not involve an immediate allergic response. Instead, FPIES is characterized by a delayed immune response, which can make it difficult to diagnose.

4. Gut microbiome:

The gut microbiome, which is the collection of microorganisms that live in the digestive tract, may play a role in the development of FPIES. Some studies have suggested that an imbalance in the gut microbiome may contribute to the development of food allergies, including FPIES.

5. Environmental factors:

Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as pollution or toxins, may increase the risk of developing FPIES. However, more research is needed to fully understand the role of environmental factors in the development of FPIES.
It’s important to note that while these theories provide some insight into the development of FPIES, more research is needed to fully understand the underlying causes of this condition.

Treatment Approaches

There are several non-pharmacological treatments that have been suggested for managing FPIES symptoms. Here are some evidence-based examples:

1. Elimination Diet:

The most effective non-pharmacological treatment for FPIES is an elimination diet. This involves identifying and eliminating the specific food(s) that trigger FPIES symptoms. Foods that are commonly associated with FPIES include cow’s milk, soy, and grains such as rice and oats.

2. Hydrolyzed Formula:

For infants who are unable to tolerate breast milk or traditional formula, a hydrolyzed formula may be recommended. This type of formula is easier to digest and less likely to trigger FPIES symptoms.

3. Probiotics:

Some studies suggest that probiotics may be beneficial for managing FPIES symptoms. Probiotics can help promote healthy gut bacteria and reduce inflammation in the gut.

4. Hypoallergenic Diet:

In some cases, a hypoallergenic diet may be recommended. This involves eliminating all potential food allergens from the diet and gradually reintroducing them one at a time to identify the specific trigger(s) of FPIES symptoms.

5. Nutritional Support:

Infants and young children with FPIES may experience nutritional deficiencies due to vomiting and diarrhea. Nutritional support may include the use of oral rehydration solutions, intravenous fluids and vitamin/mineral supplementation. These help to manage dehydration, maintain electrolyte balance and nutrient deficiencies.

6. Food Sensitivity Testing:

Food sensitivity testing can be useful in identifying potential trigger foods that may be causing symptoms. While there is no specific test for FPIES, food sensitivity testing can help identify foods that your child may be reacting to. The two most common types of food sensitivity tests are IgE and IgG tests. IgE tests measure the body’s immediate immune response to specific foods, while IgG tests measure the body’s delayed immune response to specific foods. While food sensitivity testing is not a definitive diagnostic tool for FPIES, it can help guide an elimination diet and identify potential trigger foods. However, it’s important to note that food sensitivity testing should be interpreted in the context of a complete medical history and physical examination. It’s important to work with a healthcare professional to interpret the results and develop an appropriate treatment plan. Click here for more information on food sensitivity testing.


It’s important to note that these non-pharmacological treatments should be implemented under the guidance of a healthcare professional. If you suspect that your child has FPIES, it’s important to seek medical attention and receive a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Click here to book an appointment.



As a parent, you want what’s best for your child. You want them to be happy and healthy, and you’ll do whatever it takes to make that happen. But sometimes, figuring out “what’s best” can be tricky.
Take food sensitivity testing for kids, for example. You may have heard that it’s something you should do, but you may not be sure why or how. Don’t worry – I’m here to help! In this blog post, I’ll answer all of your questions about food sensitivity testing for kids so that you can make an informed decision about whether or not it’s right for your family.

What is food sensitivity testing?

Food sensitivity testing is a way to determine if your child is sensitive or allergic to certain foods. It’s important to note the difference between a sensitivity and an allergy – a food allergy is an immune system reaction that can occur after eating even a small amount of the offending food, and it can be life-threatening. A food sensitivity is less severe, but can still cause uncomfortable symptoms like nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, eczema and headaches. If your child has any of these symptoms after eating certain foods, they may have a sensitivity to those foods.

Why is food sensitivity testing important?

If your child is sensitive to certain foods, it’s important to avoid those foods for a period of 12 weeks so that their immune system can clear the problematic antibodies Sometimes, even small amounts of the offending food can trigger symptoms. By identifying which foods your child is sensitive to, you can help them avoid those foods, feel their best, reset the immune system and perhaps reintroduce those foods in the future.

How is food sensitivity testing done?

There are several ways to test for sensitivities to specific foods. The most common method is a blood test. Your naturopathic doctor can give you a requisition for food sensitivity testing at your local lab. A small amount of blood is taken from either a vein or finger tip. This blood sample is sent for testing to detect IgG antibodies associated with particular foods. When the result is ready foods will either be identified as normal, borderline or elevated. At this point your Naturopathic Doctor will be able to recommend a dietary protocol to help reduce the antibodies. If there is an unusual amount of sensitivities, this can be a sign of Leaky Gut Syndrome.

Leaky Gut Syndrome

Leaky gut syndrome is a condition that can be caused by food sensitivities. It occurs when the lining of the intestines becomes damaged, allowing bacteria, food particles and toxins to leak into the bloodstream. This can lead to a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, joint pain, skin problems, and digestive issues.
Treatment typically focuses on removing trigger foods from the diet and healing the gut lining with supplements and probiotics. In some cases, leaky gut syndrome can resolve on its own with time and supportive care.


If you’re wondering whether or not your child should get food sensitivity testing done, we hope this blog post has helped clear things up for you! Testing can be a helpful way to identify which foods your child should avoid in order to feel their best every day. If you have any further questions about food sensitivities or allergies, don’t hesitate to reach out to me. I’ll be more than happy to help!


What can I do beyond steroids?

If your child has eczema, you are not alone. Eczema is a common skin condition affects about 10 to 20 percent of infants and about 3 percent of adults and children. While there is no cure, eczema can be managed with medical treatments and home care. The goal is to reduce inflammation and itchiness, and to prevent new flare-ups. When using steroidal creams for treatment, many parents wonder if there are natural ways to soothe their child’s eczema flare-ups?
The good news is that there are! When used alone or together with steroids, these natural treatments can help manage your child’s eczema flare-ups:

Food Sensitivity Testing

With eczema, the skin is a reflection of what’s going on inside the body – specifically in the gut. A food sensitivity test can help assess intestinal permeability (leaky gut) and inflammation. Once problem foods are identified, they can be eliminated from the diet, which can help reduce inflammation and improve gut health.


Probiotic strains may help balance the immune system and reduce inflammation. Probiotics can be taken orally in the form of supplements or food (such as yogurt).

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

These healthy fats promote a healthy lipid bilayer, which helps keep skin hydrated and supple. Omega 3 fatty acids can be taken orally in supplement form or applied topically as part of a natural eczema cream.

Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3 is a natural anti-inflammatory vitamin that helps boost the immune system. It can be taken orally in supplement form or applied topically as part of a natural eczema cream.


Zinc is an essential mineral that plays a role in immune function and tissue repair. It can be taken orally in supplement form or applied topically as part of a natural eczema cream.


While there is no cure for eczema, it can be managed with medical treatments and home care. When used alone or together with steroids, these natural treatments can help soothe your child’s eczema flare-ups: food sensitivity testing, probiotics, omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin D3, zinc.

Book an appointment today!


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